The last time I saw my great uncle, Russell Lowell Gould, was in the early 1980s. He was living in a cottage on a hill along a busy road in Bridgewater, CT. The son of George and Lina Gould, he was in his nineties and a widower, and a housekeeper was taking care of him. I stopped by with my mother, grandmother, and cousin, while on a day trip to Watertown. We didn’t stay long. Recently I asked my mother, his niece, what Russell was like, and she said he was quiet and a little stern, but also very nice.
My favorite picture of him is with his younger sister Marjorie in the 1910s. He doesn’t seem at all stern. Growing up in Bayonne NJ, he had a busy social life, according to local newspapers that covered events like house parties, school events, and visits from friends and family. According to “The Heritage of Industrial Psychology,” by Leonard Ferguson, a book about his future field: “As would seem natural, Gould worked during summers and vacation periods and after school hours in his father’s bank.”
Russell graduated from Bayonne High School in 1909 and attended Wesleyan University like his brother, J. Howard and uncle Aaron Treadwell. He went on to Columbia University, where he earned an M.A. degree in Psychology in 1916. While a student, he was a fellow at the Bureau of Salesmanship Research at Carnegie Institute in Pittsburgh. His specialty was industrial psychology.
He worked in Pittsburgh as a researcher in psychology for Carnegie Tech for a short time, before joining in the Army on 20 Nov. 1917. He was the only one of four brothers to serve in World War I.
He entered as a private and left as a sergeant. In this photo, he is visiting his family in Bayonne. The girl is probably his niece Louise Gould.
While he was away, his sister Marjorie died in the flu epidemic of 1918. Meanwhile, Russell’s unit, Headquarters Detachment Third Division, was in the thick of the war in France. According to Wikia.org: “At midnight on 14 July 1918, the division earned lasting distinction. Engaged in the Aisne-Marne Offensive as a member of the American Expeditionary Force to Europe, the division was protecting Paris with a position on the banks of the Marne River. The 7th Machine Gun Battalion of the 3rd Division rushed to Château-Thierry amid retreating French troops and held the Germans back at the Marne River. While surrounding units retreated, the 3rd Infantry Division, including the 30th and 38th Infantry Regiments, remained rock solid and earned its reputation in the Second Battle of the Marne as the “Rock of the Marne”.” His unit suffered over 3,000 casualties.
Russell sailed from Brest, France on 14 August 1919 to return home. He married Winifred Gertrude Sills on 3 May 1925. They lived in Westchester County, settling in Larchmont.
By 1940, according to the U.S. Census, Russell was a trust investor. On his 1942 draft registration card, his employer is the City Bank Farmers Trust Company located in a landmark Art Deco building in Manhattan.
In his later years, Russell moved to Bridgewater, CT, where he joined St. Mark’s Episcopal Church and served as the church’s auditor. He was active in other church affairs. He visited family, including a trip to California in 1967.
Russell died at the age of 97. He and Winifred are buried with her family in Woodlawn Cemetery in the Bronx.